Island has a large population of Amphibians and Reptiles.
snakes are not amphibians, I have included them here as well.
Frogs, toads, salamanders and newts are all amphibians. These
animals rely on outside temperatures to keep their bodies
warm, moving from the sun to the shady areas to adjust body
Most amphibians lay their eggs "protected by a green jelly like substance" in water. After hatching, the young
go through a larval stage with gills and
swim with fins, before becoming adults.
most species have lungs, they also breathe through their moist
skin and the lining of their mouths. Amphibians do not drink
water but simple absorb it through their skin.
Amphibians are a part of the amazing variety of life around
They are a good way to measure how we are doing as keepers
of the earth. They are very sensitive to changes, especially
changes brought about by pollution.
The health of our
amphibians is a gauge on the health of the ecosystems of Vancouver Island.
amphibians of Vancouver Island hibernate in winter. With the
coming warmth of spring, they emerge and migrate to their traditional breeding
The males of frog species call to attract mates in a
lively chorus, while voiceless salamanders find
mates by smell. Mating and egg laying take place in the water,
where eggs and larvae are left to face life alone.
The eggs of amphibians develop rapidly and hatch into larvae. Frog and toad
larvae are referred to as tadpoles, they are good swimmers and
feed on aquatic plants. Salamander larvae eat insects, they
quickly develop legs so that they can walk on the bottom of the
pond. Over several weeks
the larvae transform into air-breathing, land-dwelling animals.
Adult toads, newts
and frogs are most active in the spring and summer on
Vancouver Island and feed on insects and other small
creatures. Salamanders are nocturnal, hiding under logs and leaf
litter, coming out at night to feed. With the onset of freezing temperatures in
the late fall,
amphibians retreat to their hibernating areas.